Thyroid Disease

Village Medical Group – Thyroid Disease

The thyroid is a gland located just below your Adam’s apple in the neck. This gland produces hormones that affect your body’s metabolism, impacting the way that your cells use energy. An imbalance in the level of thyroid hormones can create a variety of symptoms, many of which overlap with other conditions, requiring careful evaluation and treatment.

There are many aspects of thyroid disease, the most common of which are:


Thyroid-DiseaseThis is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone. This condition is very common and has several causes. A Typical symptoms of hypothyroidism include sluggishness, weight gain, retaining fluid, constipation, hair loss, and feeling cold. Blood tests, physical exam and symptoms are used to make this diagnosis.


This is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. There are several causes of hyperthyroidism. Typical symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, anxiety, rapid heartbeat, tremors, and weakness. Physical exam, symptoms, blood tests, ultrasounds and a thyroid scan and uptake are used to make this diagnosis.


These conditions simply define an enlarged thyroid gland or a thyroid gland that has developed one or more nodules. Many times, these conditions are discovered on routine physical exam or they can also be present as part of another thyroid condition. Ultrasound, a thyroid scan and uptake, and fine needle aspiration biopsy may be used to diagnose these conditions.GOITER (ENLARGED THYROID) OR THYROID NODULES

In the treatment of thyroid disorders, consistency is of the utmost importance. Patients should take their medication regularly, at the same time each day and on an empty stomach. Thyroid medication should be taken apart from other medications and should not be taken with milk or food.

As thyroid medication can be critical to the management of this disease, the vast majority of patients require brand name thyroid medication. Generic drug regulations allow for a variation in levels of available medication that can affect treatment and are sometimes formulated in a way that can affect the way your body uses the medication.

It is also recommended that patients use the same brand name thyroid medication each time their prescription is filled.

More information about the thyroid gland is available at